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 Search Beat > Society and Culture > History > By Topic > War > Twentieth Century > World War II > 1945 Timeline


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World War II Timeline ... 1945



World War Two Timeline
|Pre-War |1938-39 |1940 |1941 |1942 |1943 |1944 |1945 |Aftermath |


*** 1945 ***

Date

Event Web Site

January 17, 1945

Warsaw falls to the Soviets.

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January 31, 1945

Soviet armies reach the Oder River.

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February 8, 1945

Allies reach the Rhine River.


Seventh Army infantrymen climb the enemy-held east bank after crossing the Rhine. (National Archives)
Seventh Army infantrymen climb the enemy-held east bank after crossing the Rhine.

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February 11, 1945


Yalta Conference - Conclusion - Stalin and Churchill meet.

From The Avalon Project at the Yale Law School.

February 19–March 26, 1945


Allies begin the Battle of Iwo Jima

More from Iwo Jima Tribute

March 7, 1945

Allies establish bridgehead at Remagen. The bridge is still intact! Troops are across the Rhine!


The bridge over the Rhine at Remagen in 1945. (National Archives)
The bridge over the Rhine at Remagen in 1945.

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March 22, 1945

General Patton crosses the Rhine at Nierstein.


Infantrymen of the 6th Armored Division dash across an open street in a battle-torn German town. (National Archives)
Infantrymen of the 6th Armored Division dash across an open street in a battle-torn German town.

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March 23, 1945

General Montgomery's forces begin their assault on the Rhine.

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March 28, 1945

Soviet troops reach the Austrian border.

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April 9, 1945





Each house in a German village displays a white flag of surrender. 1945. (National Archives) Click here for larger image.
Each house in a German village displays a white flag of surrender.


U.S. 9th Army reaches Elbe River.



American and Soviet troops meet east of the Elbe River. (National Archives)
American and Soviet troops meet east of the Elbe River.

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April 14, 1945

Soviets enter Vienna, Austria.

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April 18, 1945

Last German troops on the Ruhr River give up after being encircled by Allied troops.


An American soldier guards german prisoners captured in the Ruhr Pocket. (National Archives) Click here for larger image.
An American soldier guards german prisoners captured in the Ruhr Pocket.


---

April 29, 1945


Americans liberate Dachau Concentration Camp.


This pile of clothes belonged to prisoners of the Dachau concentration camp, recently liberated by troops of the U.S. Seventh Army. Slave laborers were compelled to strip before they were killed.  (National Archive)
This pile of clothes belonged to prisoners of the Dachau concentration camp, recently liberated by troops of the U.S. Seventh Army. Slave laborers were compelled to strip before they were killed.


World War Two veteran who was one of the first of the U.S. soldiers to enter a German Concentration Camp and shares his experiences and some of the startling photographs he took. (Note: Some of the images are very graphic)

For more concentration camp and war crime photographs and information, view our Aftermath of World War II.

May 1945


Oscar Schindler's factory is liberated by the Russian army. Oscar Schindler - and 1200 Schindler Jews along with him - had survived.

From "The Story of Oscar Schindler"
web site.

May 2, 1945

Berlin falls to the Soviets.


Video of the ruins of Berlin right after the fall of Berlin

---

May 7, 1945

German armies give unconditional surrender.


Field Marshall Wilhelm Keitel, signing the ratified surrender terms for the German Army at Russian Headquarters in Berlin. Germany, May 7, 1945.  (National Archives)
Field Marshall Wilhelm Keitel, signing the ratified surrender terms for the German Army at Russian Headquarters in Berlin. Germany, May 7, 1945.

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May 8, 1945

V-E (Victory in Europe) celebrated.


Victory parade in Dusseldorf; Germany, on V-E Day, May 8, 1945. (National Archives)
Victory parade in Dusseldorf; Germany, on V-E Day, May 8, 1945.

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May 11, 1945

Last remaining German troops in Prague lay down their arms.

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June 2, 1945


Japanese Kamikaze attack Allied Navy carriers

The last big island battle in the Pacific ends with an Allied victory on Okinawa.



The American flag on  June 22 denoted the end of organized Japanese resistance on  Okinawa. (CENTER OF MILITARY HISTORY. UNITED STATES ARMY.)
The American flag on June 22 denoted the end of organized Japanese resistance on Okinawa.


World War II Marine veteran interview about Okinawa

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July 16, 1945

Potsdam Conference, July-August 1945
(from left to right) British Prime Minister Clement Atlee;
U.S. President Harry S. Truman; Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin.



The Potsdam Conference convenes with U.S. President Truman, Soviet Premier Stalin and Prime Ministers Churchill and Atlee to discuss post-war Europe. Lasting until August 2, the leaders completed several agreements and also issued the "Potsdam Declaration" demanding Japan's unconditional surrender.

---

August 6, 1945




Col. Paul W. Tibbets, Jr., pilot of the ENOLA GAY, the plane that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, waves from his cockpit before the takeoff, August 6, 1945.  (National Archives)
Col. Paul W. Tibbets, Jr., pilot of the ENOLA GAY, the plane that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, waves from his cockpit before the takeoff, August 6, 1945.


Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan.




At the time this photo was made, smoke billowed 20,000 feet above Hiroshima while smoke from the burst of the first atomic bomb had spread over 10,000 feet on the target at the base of the rising column.Two planes of the 509th Composite Group, part of the 313th Wing of the 20th Air Force, participated in this mission, one to carry the bomb, the other to act as escort. Date 08/06/1945  (National Archives)
At the time this photo was made, smoke billowed 20,000 feet above Hiroshima while smoke from the burst of the first atomic bomb had spread over 10,000 feet on the target at the base of the rising column.Two planes of the 509th Composite Group, part of the 313th Wing of the 20th Air Force, participated in this mission, one to carry the bomb, the other to act as escort. Date 08/06/1945




During the Allied occupation period, a Navy photographer took this photo of the ruins that resulted from atom bomb blast in Hiroshima, Japan. Japanese soldier walks through leveled area.  (National Archives)
During the Allied occupation period, a Navy photographer took this photo of the ruins that resulted from atom bomb blast in Hiroshima, Japan. Japanese soldier walks through leveled area.

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September 2, 1945


September 2, 1945, Surrender ceremony on board the battleship USS Missouri

"In the morning of 2 September 1945, more that two weeks after acceping the Allies terms, Japan formally surrendered. The ceremonies, less than half an hour long, took place on board the battleship USS Missouri, anchored with other United States' and British ships in Tokyo Bay."

From the NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER.



Click to great aviation art by Rich Thistle!
View and browse through some wonderful aviation art.



World War Two Timeline
|Pre-War |1938-39 |1940 |1941 |1942 |1943 |1944 |1945 |Aftermath |

 
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