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 Search Beat > Society and Culture > History > By Topic > War > Twentieth Century > World War II > 1944 Timeline


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Canonesa, Convoy HX72 & U-100
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World War II Timeline ... 1944



World War Two Timeline
|Pre-War |1938-39 |1940 |1941 |1942 |1943 |1944 |1945 |Aftermath |


*** 1944 ***

Date

Event Web Site

1944

World War II Veteran Interview
75th Infantry Division
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January 8, 1944

In January l944 my father was on a cargo boat tranporting live horses, about two-thousand of them (I think) along the coast of Norway, a short, night-time trip.....the boat was hit and sank, only three men survived and my father was one of them only because he had taken over nightwatch for a sick buddy. Talk about God looking out for him. My father jumped into the ocean and started swimming as the boat sank. He woke up in an Oslo hospital three days later, had been picked up by a Norwegian fishingboat and after thawing out he was perfectly all right. While swimming in that icy water and before he lost consciousness, he promised God to take his children to America if he got out of this trouble and he did.

Oral history provided by the decendants of Nathanael Werner, born August 16, l914 in Rumania, died January 9, 1979 in Canada........there are now eight adult grandchildren and four great-grandchildren enjoying the freedoms of what he fought for more than fifty years ago.

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January 17, 1944

Battle for the Gustav Line in Italy begins with an Allied troop attack on the German lines. Germans hold up attack at Monte Cassino.

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January 22, 1944

Operation Shingle starts with Allied landing on Anzio, Italy beaches. Allies only progress seven miles before German troops under General Kesselring pin the Allies down.

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May 11, 1944

Allies begin decisive assault against German lines in Italy and by May 17 had reached 25 miles behind German positions forcing German withdrawl from Monte Cassino.

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May 18, 1944

Allied troops capture Monte Cassino after long seige.

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June 4, 1944


Video of Allied troops entering Rome, Italy and being greeted by Pope Pius XII

Allies score big victory
with taking of Rome.


Troops of the 85th Division enter the gates of Rome. (National Archives)
Troops of the 85th Division
enter the gates of Rome.



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June 6, 1944


General Eisenhower talks with men of Company E, 502d Parachute Infantry Regiment, at the 101st Airborne Division's camp at Greenham Common, England, 5 June 1944. (National Archives)
General Eisenhower talks with men of Company E, 502d Parachute Infantry Regiment, at the 101st Airborne Division's camp at Greenham Common, England, 5 June 1944.




D-Day - Allies invade Europe
at Normandy, France.



American soldiers leave Coast Guard landing boats under heavy Nazi machine gun fire storming the Normandy beaches on June 6, 1945. (National Archives) Click here for larger image.
American soldiers leave Coast Guard landing boats under heavy Nazi machine gun fire. Click here for larger image.

Lines of men and material stream ashore onto the Normandy beaches.  June 8, 1944. (National Archives)  Click here for larger image.
Lines of men and material stream ashore onto the Normandy beaches. Click here for larger image.


Video interview with veteran of Omaha Beach

D-Day web page

July 18, 1944


Allies reach St. Lo in France after battling through hedgerow country (bocage).

---

August 1, 1944





Jewish civilians. Copy of German photograph taken during the destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto, Poland, 1943. (National Archives)
Jewish civilians. Copy of German photograph taken during the destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto, Poland.



Warsaw Uprising begins.





More prisoners. Another copy of German photograph taken during the destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto, Poland, 1943. (National Archives)
More prisoners. Another copy of German photograph taken during the destruction of the Warsaw Ghetto, Poland.



Jewish Rabbis rounded up during the crushing of opposition in the Warsaw Ghetto, Poland, 1943. (National Archives)
Jewish Rabbis rounded up during the crushing of opposition in the Warsaw Ghetto, Poland.

August 12, 1944

Final Japanese garrison at Guam is defeated by U.S. forces.


A Water Buffalo, loaded with Marines, churns through the sea bound for beaches of Tinian Island  near Guam.  (National Archive)
A Water Buffalo, loaded with Marines, churns through the sea bound for beaches of Tinian Island near Guam.

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August 15, 1944

Allies land in southern France.

Troops of the 45th Division wade ashore near Ste. Maxime. (DA photograph)
Troops of the 45th Division wade ashore near Ste. Maxime.

---

September 17, 1944


Operation Market Garden commences.


82d Airborne Division drop near Grave in the Netherlands during Operation MARKET-GARDEN. (National Archives)
U.S. Army 82d Airborne Division drop near Grave in the Netherlands during Operation MARKET-GARDEN.


---

October 1944





An American medium tank hit a Japanese land mine in surging forward to the Tacloban Air Strip during the early stages of the Philippines invasion on Oct. 20. Here, one of the wounded from the wrecked tank is being bandaged by a medical corpsman. 10/20/1944  (National Archives)
An American medium tank hit a Japanese land mine in surging forward to the Tacloban Air Strip during the early stages of the Philippines invasion on Oct. 20. Here, one of the wounded from the wrecked tank is being bandaged by a medical corpsman. 10/20/1944



The liberation of the Philippine Islands by the Allies begins.





Task Group 38.3 in line as they enter Ulithi anchorage after strikes against the Japanese in the Philippines. USS LANGLEY, TICONDEROGA, WASHINGTON, NORTH CAROLINA, SOUTH DAKOTA, SANTA FE, BILOXI, MOBILE, and OAKLAND.  (National Archives)
Task Group 38.3 in line as they enter Ulithi anchorage after strikes against the Japanese in the Philippines. USS LANGLEY, TICONDEROGA, WASHINGTON, NORTH CAROLINA, SOUTH DAKOTA, SANTA FE, BILOXI, MOBILE, and OAKLAND. (National Archives)




LST's pouring army equipment ashore on Leyte Islands in the Philippines.
LST's pouring army equipment ashore on Leyte Islands in the Philippines.


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December 16, 1944



World War Two chaplain talks about his service with the 82nd Airborne during the Battle of the Bulge

Battle of the Bulge - Germany's last gasp!

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Click to great aviation art by Rich Thistle!
View and browse through some wonderful aviation art.



World War Two Timeline
|Pre-War |1938-39 |1940 |1941 |1942 |1943 |1944 |1945 |Aftermath |

 
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