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John Tyler - 10th President of the United States


Hon. John Tyler, Va., President, U.S.  (National Archives)
Portrait of Hon. John Tyler, Va., President, U.S. (National Archives)


John Tyler was the 10th (1841-1845) President of the United States of America but only the second one born in the United States.

Tyler was elected Vice President in 1840 as running mate to William Henry Harrison, and assumed the presidency upon Harrison's death. Tyler was the first such vice-president to assume the presidency in this manner. His presidency was never taken seriously in his time; he was usually referred to as the "Acting President". Further, Harrison was to have been a genial figurehead controlled by Whig Party leaders, particularly Henry Clay. Tyler attempted to establish his own policy, and this put him at odds with Clay and others.

Tyler's last act in office was perhaps the most significant: he signed the bill annexing Texas, which had formerly been part of Mexico. This act triggered war with Mexico. Tyler retired to a plantation named "Walnut Grove" he had bought in Virginia, renaming it "Sherwood Forest" to signify that he had been "outlawed" by the Whig party.

 

 
Photographs and Documents of President John Tyler



Letter from Honorable John Tyler resigning his seat in the Senate, 02/29/1836 (National Archives)
Letter from Honorable John Tyler resigning his seat in the Senate, 02/29/1836 (National Archives)





Message of President John Tyler nominating Philip S. Gray to be surveyor and inspector at Camden, New Jersey, 06/15/1841 (National Archives)
Message of President John Tyler nominating Philip S. Gray to be surveyor and inspector at Camden, New Jersey, 06/15/1841 (National Archives)





Message of President John Tyler transmitting to Congress a letter from John Chambers, Governor of Iowa, accompanied by a memorial from the legislative assembly of Iowa asking to be admitted as a state into the Union, 02/12/1844 (National Archives)
Message of President John Tyler transmitting to Congress a letter from John Chambers, Governor of Iowa, accompanied by a memorial from the legislative assembly of Iowa asking to be admitted as a state into the Union, 02/12/1844 (National Archives)

 
Quick Facts about President John Tyler

Rank: 10th (1841-1845)
Followed: William Henry Harrison
Succeeded by: James Knox Polk
Date of Birth March 29, 1790
Place of Birth: Greenway, Virginia
Date of Death: January 18, 1862
Place of Death: Richmond, Virginia
First Lady: Letitia Christian, Julia Gardiner
Occupation: lawyer
Political Party: Whig
Vice President: none

 
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