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Harry S Truman - 33rd President of the United States


President Harry S. Truman and Brig. Gen. Harry Vaughan arriving at Gatow Airport in Berlin, Germany for the Potsdam Conference., 07/15/1945 (National Archives)
President Harry S. Truman and Brig. Gen. Harry Vaughan arriving at Gatow Airport in Berlin, Germany for the Potsdam Conference., 07/15/1945 (National Archives)


Harry S Truman (May 8, 1884 - December 26, 1972) was the 33rd (1945 - 1953) President of the United States. Properly, the "S" in Harry S Truman should have no period after it. "S" is not an abbreviation for a middle name; it is his middle name, itself.

Truman served in the United States Senate, representing Missouri, prior to becoming Vice President under Franklin Delano Roosevelt in March 1945. When Roosevelt died, Truman became President, and presided over the events ending World War II. It was Truman who made the decision to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. He also established the Truman Doctrine to help fight communism is Greece and Turkey.

Truman ran for president in his own right in 1948, winning by a narrow margin over Republican challenger Thomas Dewey.

Truman issued the executive order integrating the U.S. Armed Services following World War II.

 

 
Photographs of President Harry S Truman



At the time this photo was made, smoke billowed 20,000 feet above Hiroshima while smoke from the burst of the first atomic bomb had spread over 10,000 feet on the target at the base of the rising column.Two planes of the 509th Composite Group, part of the 313th Wing of the 20th Air Force, participated in this mission, one to carry the bomb, the other to act as escort. Date 08/06/1945  (National Archives)
Truman authorized the use of the atomic bomb against Japan. At the time this photo was made, smoke billowed 20,000 feet above Hiroshima while smoke from the burst of the first atomic bomb had spread over 10,000 feet on the target at the base of the rising column.Two planes of the 509th Composite Group, part of the 313th Wing of the 20th Air Force, participated in this mission, one to carry the bomb, the other to act as escort. Date 08/06/1945 (National Archives)





September 2, 1945, Surrender ceremony on board the battleship USS Missouri
On September 2, 1945, Japan formally surrendered. The ceremonies were on board the battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay and finally ending World War II.





President Harry S. Truman enters Cecilienhof Palace to attend one of the meetings of the Potsdam Conference. L to R: Captain James K. Vardaman, President Truman, Secretary of State James Byrnes (background), and Gen. Harry Vaughan., 07/17/1945 (National Archives)
President Harry S. Truman enters Cecilienhof Palace to attend one of the meetings of the Potsdam Conference. L to R: Captain James K. Vardaman, President Truman, Secretary of State James Byrnes (background), and Gen. Harry Vaughan., 07/17/1945 (National Archives)





Presdient Harry S. Truman and Vice President-elect Alben W. Barkley in the Washington, DC train station, sitting on the back of an open vehicle, waving their hats to the crowd. Truman and Barkley had just returned to Washington after winning the 1948 election., 11/05/1948 (National Archives)
Presdient Harry S. Truman and Vice President-elect Alben W. Barkley in the Washington, DC train station, sitting on the back of an open vehicle, waving their hats to the crowd. Truman and Barkley had just returned to Washington after winning the 1948 election., 11/05/1948 (National Archives)





What's the Use of Going Through With This Election?, This cartoon shows Republican candidate Thomas E. Dewey and President Harry S. Truman just before Truman's surprise reelection as president.  10/19/1948 (National Archives)
“What's the Use of Going Through With This Election?”, This cartoon shows Republican candidate Thomas E. Dewey and President Harry S. Truman just before Truman's surprise reelection as president. 10/19/1948 (National Archives)





President Harry S. Truman coming down an airplane ramp, waving his hat. Bess Truman and Margaret Truman are behind him. (National Archives)
President Harry S. Truman coming down an airplane ramp, waving his hat. Bess Truman and Margaret Truman are behind him. (National Archives)





Carrying scaling ladders, U.S. Marines in landing crafts head for the seawall at Inchon. Photo taken  09/15/1950. (National Archives)
On June 25, 1950, the North Koreans invaded South Korea. President Truman decided to fight back. With General MacArthur planning this invasion at Inchon, the United Nations forces recaptured Seoul and took the initiative. Carrying scaling ladders, U.S. Marines in landing crafts head for the seawall at Inchon. Photo taken 09/15/1950.





United Nations troops fighting in the streets of Seoul, Korea. Photo taken 09/20/1950.  (National Archives)
United Nations troops fighting in the streets of Seoul, Korea. Photo taken 09/20/1950.





Lieutenant General Matthew Ridgway; Major General Doyle Hickey; and General Douglas MacArthur, Commander in Chief of United Nations Forces in Korea, in a jeep at a command post, Yang Yang, Korea, approximately 15 miles north of the 38th parallel, April 3, 1951. (National Archives)
Lieutenant General Matthew Ridgway; Major General Doyle Hickey; and General Douglas MacArthur, Commander in Chief of United Nations Forces in Korea, in a jeep at a command post, Yang Yang, Korea, approximately 15 miles north of the 38th parallel, April 3, 1951. Later in the war, in a controversial decision, President Truman asked for General MacArthur's resignation as the Korean War became a stalemate between the United Nations forces and Chinese and North Korean troops.

 
Quick Facts about President Harry S Truman

Rank: 33rd (1945-1953)
Followed: Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Succeeded by: Dwight D. Eisenhower
Date of Birth May 8, 1884
Place of Birth: Lamar, Missouri
Date of Death: December 26, 1972
Place of Death: Kansas City, Missouri
First Lady: Elizabeth "Bess" Virginia Wallace
Profession: farmer
Political Party: Democrat
Vice President: Alben W. Barkley (1949-1953)

 
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