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|Top > Society > History > By Region > North America > United States > Presidents > Franklin Delano Roosevelt|
Franklin D. Roosevelt on the U.S.S. Houston in Charleston, South Carolina, 03/03/1939 (National Archives)
He was born on January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, New York, and died on April 12, 1945 in Warm Springs, Georgia of a cerebral hemorrhage.
He graduated from Harvard University (1903), and attended Columbia Law School (1904-1907). On St. Patrick's Day, 1905, he married Eleanor Roosevelt, a distant cousin. He was a fifth cousin of Theodore Roosevelt. Government Positions include: Assistant Secretary of the Navy, 1913-1920; Governor of New York, 1929-1933.
In 1935-1936, the Supreme Court struck down eight of FDR's New Deal programs. In response Roosevelt submitted to Congress in February of 1937 a plan for "judicial reform," which proposed adding a justice for every justice over the age of 70 who refused to retire, up to a maximum of 15 total. This came to be known as his attempt to "pack" the Court.
Campaigning for reelection in 1940 against Wendell L. Willkie, Roosevelt said that he would not send American boys to fight in foreign wars. Some have suggested Roosevelt had prior knowledge of the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and welcomed it as a way to get the U.S. into World War II. Others point out, that while U.S. code-breakers had broken Japanese codes in Washington, D.C. and knew something was about to happen, communication delays prevented the messages for getting to Pearl Harbor until 4 hours after the attack.
In hindsight, perhaps the most controversial decision Roosevelt made was Executive Order 9066 which resulted in the internment in concentration camps of 110,000 Japanese nationals and American citizens of Japanese descent on the West Coast. Considered a major violation of civil liberties, it was even opposed at the time by FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover as well as Eleanor Roosevelt as well as many other groups. The Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the Executive Order.
Some have said of all the American Presidents of the 20th century, that he was the most loved and most hated. He was so well known, he was referred to by his initials, FDR.
One speech he is famous for delivering was his State of the Union Address in 1941. This speech is also known as the Four Freedoms Speech.
Franklin D. Roosevelt at 4 years old with long hair, 1886 (National Archives)
Franklin D. Roosevelt portrait in Poughkeepsie, New York, 01/1887 (National Archives)
Franklin D. Roosevelt with dog, Tip in Hyde Park, New York, 01/1904 (National Archives)
Franklin D. Roosevelt and Al Smith in Albany, New York, 1930 (National Archives)
Franklin D. Roosevelt, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr. in Troy, New York, 05/1930 (National Archives)
Franklin D. Roosevelt, E.J.Flynn, L.M.Howe, G.Forbush, and Nancy Cook in Hyde Park, New York, 07/11/1932 (National Archives)
A photograph depicting the conditions of the Great Depresssion. Destitute pea pickers in California. 1936.
Left to right, General Henri Giraud, President Roosevelt,
General Charles de Gaulle, and Prime Minister Churchill.
Photograph of Eleanor Roosevelt who became famous for her many accomplishments. 1943 (National Archives)
During World War Two, President Roosevelt's Second American War Plant Tour at Camp Joseph T. Robinson, Ark., the presidential procession passes between two rows of troops presenting arms. The Chief Executive visited this camp Palm Sunday, April 18, 1943, and attended church services with 3400 officers and men in the camp gymnasium., 04/18/1943 (National Archives)
American soldiers leave Coast Guard landing boats under heavy Nazi machine gun fire during the D-Day invasion on June 6, 1944. FDR had led the nation to this climatic battle for the heart of Europe.
Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill in Quebec, Canada , 09/12/1944 (National Archives)
Flag draped casket of Franklin D. Roosevelt in Washington, Washington, D.C , 04/14/1945. FDR died on April 12, 1945 and a nation mourned. (National Archives)
Rank: 32nd (1933-1945) Followed: Herbert Hoover Succeeded by: Harry S Truman Date of Birth January 30, 1882 Place of Birth: Hyde Park, New York Date of Death: April 12, 1945 Place of Death: Warm Springs, Georgia First Lady: Anna Eleanor Roosevelt Profession: lawyer Political Party: Democrat Vice President: John N. Garner (1933-1941) Henry A. Wallace (1941-1945) Harry S Truman (1945)
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