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Calvin Coolidge - 30th President of the United States


Photograph of Calvin Coolidge (National Archives)



Calvin Coolidge was the 30th (1923-1929) President of the United States. He was born John Calvin Coolidge in Plymouth, Windsor County, Vermont on July 4, 1872, but dropped John from his name upon graduating from college. He attended Amherst College, Massachusetts, graduating in 1895. He practiced law in Northampton, Massachusetts, and was a member of the city council in 1899, city solicitor from 1900-1902, clerk of courts in 1904, and a member of the State house of representatives 1907-1908.

Coolidge was elected mayor of Northampton in 1910 and 1911, was a member of the State senate 1912-1915, serving as president of that body in 1914 and 1915. He was lieutenant governor of the state 1916-1918, and Governor 1919-1920. He was elected Vice President of the United States on the Republican ticket headed by Warren G. Harding in 1920. He was inaugurated on March 4, 1921, and served until August 3, 1923. Upon the death of President Harding, Coolidge became President of the United States on August 3, 1923

He was elected President of the United States in 1924 for the term expiring March 3, 1929. He was not a candidate for renomination in 1928. He served as chairman of the Nonpartisan Railroad Commission and as honorary president of the Foundation of the Blind. He died at "The Beeches", Northampton, Massachusetts, January 5, 1933. Interment is in Notch Cemetery, Plymouth, Vermont.

Major Issues supported by Calvin Coolidge:

  • Pushed for tax cuts
  • Coolidge prefered an isolationist foreign policy
  • After Coolidge had retired he said ". . I feel I no longer fit in with these times."
  • Best remembered for his dignity and moral character as the country recovered from the Teapot Dome scandal
  • Vetoed farm aid twice
  • Coolidge preferred the "status quo"


 
Photographs and Documents of President Calvin Coolidge





Message of President Calvin Coolidge nominating Harlan F. Stone of New York to be Attorney General of the United States, 04/02/1924(National Archives)
Message of President Calvin Coolidge nominating Harlan F. Stone of New York to be Attorney General of the United States, 04/02/1924(National Archives)





Dawes' Proposed Senate Reform Rules, 03/26/1931 (National Archives)
This cartoon refers back to the unusual efforts by Charles G. Dawes, ambassador to the Court of St. James, when he was vice president under Calvin Coolidge (1925-1929) to limit the Senate filibuster. This Berryman cartoon uses Dawes to take a jab at long-winded banquet addresses, and simultaneously pokes fun at Dawes' reform efforts. Political cartoon - “Dawes' Proposed Senate Reform Rules”, 03/26/1931 (National Archives)





Letter from Secretary of the Navy, Curtis D. Wilbur to President of the United States Calvin Coolidge requesting that the President present the Medal of Honor to Commander Richard E.Byrd and Navy Machinist Floyd Bennett for their first flight over the North Pole on May 9, 1926, 02/14/1927 (National Archives)
Letter from Secretary of the Navy, Curtis D. Wilbur to President of the United States Calvin Coolidge requesting that the President present the Medal of Honor to Commander Richard E.Byrd and Navy Machinist Floyd Bennett for their first flight over the North Pole on May 9, 1926, 02/14/1927 (National Archives)



 
Quick Facts about President Calvin Coolidge

Rank: 30th (1923-1929)
Followed: Warren G. Harding
Succeeded by: Herbert Hoover
Date of Birth July 4, 1872
Place of Birth: Plymouth, Vermont
Date of Death: January 5, 1933
Place of Death: Northampton, Virginia
First Lady: Grace Anna Goodhue
Profession: lawyer
Political Party: Republican
Vice President: Charles G. Dawes


 
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