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Benjamin Harrison - 23rd President of the United States


Benjamin Harrison was the 23rd (1889-1893) President of the United States. He was the grandson of President William Henry Harrison. Benjamin Harrison was a Senator from Indiana. He was born in North Bend, Hamilton County, Ohio, August 20, 1833. He graduated from Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, in 1852. He studied law in Cincinnati then moved to Indianapolis in 1854. He was was admitted to the bar and became reporter of the decisions of the supreme court of the State.

Harrison served in the Union Army during the Civil War, brevetted as a brigadier general and mustered out in 1865. While in the field in October 1864 he was reelected reporter of the State supreme court and served four years. He was an unsuccessful Republican candidate for Governor of Indiana in 1876. He was appointed a member of the Mississippi River Commission in 1879, and elected as a Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1881, to March 3, 1887. He was chairman of the Committee on Transportation Routes to the Seaboard (Forty-seventh Congress) and Committee on Territories (Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth Congresses).

Harrison was elected President of the United States in 1888, inaugurated on March 4, 1889, and served until March 3, 1893. He was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1892. He served as an attorney for the Republic of Venezuela in the boundary dispute between Venezuela and Great Britain in 1900. Harrison died in Indianapolis on March 13, 1901. Interment is in Crown Hill Cemetery.







 

 

 
Photographs and Documents of President Benjamin Harrison



General John W. Foster of Indiana, 1836-1917. ca. 1899?  (National Archives)
General John W. Foster of Indiana, 1836-1917. ca. 1899? Secretary of state under President Benjamin Harrison. Chairman of the committee who advised and assisted William Duncan in the removal of his mission colony from British Columbia to Alaska in 1887.(National Archives)





Message of President Benjamin Harrison nominating James G. Blaine to be Secretary of State, 03/05/1889 (National Archives)
Message of President Benjamin Harrison nominating James G. Blaine to be Secretary of State, 03/05/1889 (National Archives)





Letter from Frederick Douglass to Secretary of State James G. Blaine, Accepting the Appointment as U.S. Minister to Haiti, 06/25/1889 (National Archives)
Letter from Frederick Douglass to Secretary of State James G. Blaine, Accepting the Appointment as U.S. Minister to Haiti, 06/25/1889. Frederick Douglass, one of the foremost social reformers of the 19th century, was born into slavery in 1817 or 1818. Having gained his freedom as a young man, he devoted his life to the cause of human freedom and equality. In 1889 President Benjamin Harrison appointed Frederick Douglass as Minister-Resident and Counsel General to the Republic of Haiti. Douglass had long admired the people of Haiti for fighting for and winning their independence, and, as this letter illustrates, he readily accepted the position. He served as Minister to Haiti until July 30, 1891. (National Archives)

 
Quick Facts about President Benjamin Harrison

Rank: 23rd (1889-1893)
Followed: Grover Cleveland
Succeeded by: Grover Cleveland
Date of Birth August 20, 1833
Place of Birth: North Bend. Ohio
Date of Death: March 13, 1901
Place of Death: Indianapolis, Indiana
First Lady: Caroline Lavinia Scott
Occupation: lawyer
Political Party: Republican
Vice President: Levi P. Morton

 
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