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Andrew Johnson - 17th President of the United States


Hon. Andrew Johnson, Tenn., President, U.S. (National Archives)
Hon. Andrew Johnson, Tenn., President, U.S. (National Archives)


Andrew Johnson was the 17th President of the United States, serving 1865 - 1869. He became President when Abraham Lincoln was assassinated. Johnson presided over the reconstruction of the United States following the American Civil War.

Johnson's conciliatory policies towards the defeated rebels and his vetoes of civil rights bills embroiled him in a bitter dispute with the radical faction of Congress, leading the House of Representatives to impeach him on March 3, 1868. He was subsequently acquitted by a single vote in the Senate.

Johnson was a Representative and a Senator from Tennessee and a Vice President and 17th President of the United States. He was born in Raleigh, North Carolina on December 29, 1808. He was self-educated. At the age of 13 he was apprenticed to a tailor. He moved to Tennessee in 1826, where he continued his employment as a tailor. He served as an alderman in Greeneville, Tennessee from 1828 to 1830, and mayor of Greeneville from 1834 to 1838. He was a member of the State house of representatives from 1835 to 1837 and 1839 to 1841. He was elected to the State senate in 1841, and elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-eighth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1843 to March 3, 1853. He was chairman of the Committee on Public Expenditures (Thirty-first and Thirty-second Congresses).

Johnson did not seek renomination, having become a gubernatorial candidate. He was Governor of Tennessee from 1853 to 1857, and was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate and served from October 8, 1857 to March 4, 1862, when he resigned. He was chairman of the Committee to Audit and Control the Contingent Expense (Thirty-sixth Congress). Johnson was appointed by President Abraham Lincoln as Military Governor of Tennessee in 1862. He was elected Vice President of the United States on the Republican ticket headed by Abraham Lincoln in 1864 and was inaugurated March 4, 1865. He became President of the United States on April 15, 1865, upon the death of Abraham Lincoln.

Wide differences arising between the President and the Congress, a resolution for his impeachment passed the House of Representatives February 24, 1868. Eleven articles were set out in the resolution and the trial before the Senate lasted three months, at the conclusion of which he was acquitted (May 26, 1868) by a vote of thirty-five for conviction to nineteen for acquittal, the necessary two-thirds vote for impeachment not having been obtained. He retired to his home in Tennessee upon the expiration of the presidential term on March 3, 1869.

Johnson was an unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1869 and to the House of Representatives in 1872. He was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1875, until his death near Elizabethton, Carter County, Tennessee, July 31, 1875. Interment was in the Andrew Johnson National Cemetery, Greeneville, Greene County, Tennessee.

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Photographs and Documents of President Andrew Jackson



Message of President Andrew Johnson nominating Ulysses S. Grant to be General of the Army of the United States, 07/25/1866 (National Archives)
Message of President Andrew Johnson nominating Ulysses S. Grant to be General of the Army of the United States, 07/25/1866 (National Archives)





Hon. Andrew Johnson, Tenn. President U.S.  (National Archives)
Hon. Andrew Johnson, Tenn. President U.S. (National Archives)





Roll call votes relating to the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson on Articles II, III, and XI., 05/26/1868 (National Archives)
Roll call votes relating to the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson on Articles II, III, and XI., 05/26/1868 (National Archives)





Hon. Andrew Johnson, Tenn. President (National Archives)
Hon. Andrew Johnson, Tenn. President (National Archives)





Articles of impeachment exhibited by the House of Representatives against President Andrew Johnson, 03/04/1868 (National Archives)
Articles of impeachment exhibited by the House of Representatives against President Andrew Johnson, 03/04/1868 (National Archives)

 
Quick Facts about President Andrew Johnson

Rank: 17th (1865-1869)
Followed: Abraham Lincoln
Succeeded by: Ulysses S. Grant
Date of Birth December 29, 1808
Place of Birth: Raleigh, North Carolina
Date of Death: July 31, 1875
Place of Death: Carter's Station, Tennessee
First Lady: Eliza McCardle
Occupation: tailor
Political Party: Democrat
Vice President: none

 
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