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 Search Beat > Society and Culture > History > By Topic > War > Twentieth Century > World War II > Aftermath Timeline




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World War II Timeline ... Aftermath

World War Two Timeline
|Pre-War |1938-39 |1940 |1941 |1942 |1943 |1944 |1945 |Aftermath |


*** Aftermath ***

Date Event Web Site

1945 to 1946



Opening statement on November 21, 1945 by U.S. Supreme Court Justice Robert H. Jackson who was the United States Chief of Counsel approinted by President Truman to prosecute Nazi war criminals, at the four-nation International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg. (Note: You can read the text of his opening statement and learn more about Nuremberg, Justice Robert H. Jackson at the Robert H. Jackson Center web site)

Nuremberg Trials start. For a full timeline of the Nuremberg Trials, visit the Harry S. Truman Library and Museum web site.


Short video of the Nuremberg Trial verdicts being delivered on October 1, 1946. (Note: Video contains graphic images.)



Rudolf Wolf, who testified that more than 600 prisoners at Dachau had been killed in a death march points to Franz Trenkle, number 4 on the list of forty accused torturers at Dachau being tried for their actions. This notorious Nazi concentration camp, now the scene of the trials, is located near Munich, Germany. Dachau, Germany. 11/20/45. (NATIONAL ARCHIVES)
Rudolf Wolf, who testified that more than 600 prisoners at Dachau had been killed in a death march, points to Franz Trenkle, number 4 on the list of forty accused torturers at Dachau being tried for their actions. This notorious Nazi concentration camp, now the scene of the trials, is located near Munich, Germany. Dachau, Germany. 11/20/45.





The prosecution charges the defendants with conspiring to destroy the independence of other nations. Goering is in the defendant's box. The defendants, surrounded by American military police, Goering, Hess, Von Ribbentrop, Keiter, Rosenberg, Frank, Frick, Streicher, Funk, Schacht,back row, Donitz, Raeder, Von Schirach, Sauckel, Jodl, Von Papen, Seyss-Inquart, Speer, Von Neurath, and Hans Fritsche. 11/23/45. (National Archives)
The prosecution charges the defendants with conspiring to destroy the independence of other nations. Goering is in the defendant's box. The defendants, surrounded by American military police, Goering, Hess, Von Ribbentrop, Keiter, Rosenberg, Frank, Frick, Streicher, Funk, Schacht,back row, Donitz, Raeder, Von Schirach, Sauckel, Jodl, Von Papen, Seyss-Inquart, Speer, Von Neurath, and Hans Fritsche. 11/23/45.





Main section of prisoners' call block in the Nuernberg jail. Cells occupied by Goering and Hess are at extreme right. Each defendant is watched by an individual guard who is constantly posted at his door. 11/24/45.  (National Archives)
Main section of prisoners' call block in the Nuernberg jail. Cells occupied by Goering and Hess are at extreme right. Each defendant is watched by an individual guard who is constantly posted at his door. 11/24/45.





The door to Rudolf Hess' cell at Nuernberg city jail is guarded constantly, primarily to thwart any attempt at suicide. The guard here is Pfc. Joseph L. Pichierre, of Towanda, Penn., with the 18th Regt., 1st Inf. Div. Germany. 11/24/45. 
 (National Archives)
The door to Rudolf Hess' cell at Nuernberg city jail is guarded constantly, primarily to thwart any attempt at suicide. Photo on 11/24/45. Rudolf Hess was later moved to the Allied Military Prison in Spandau, Berlin where he died on August 17, 1987.





Buchenwald, Germany: Concentration Camps; Oven where prisoners were burnt, dead and alive.  (National Archives)
Buchenwald, Germany: Concentration Camps; Oven where prisoners were burnt, dead and alive.





Senator Alben W. Barkley of Kentucky, a member of a congressional committee investigating Nazi atrocities, views the evidence at first hand at Buchenwald concentration camp. Weimar, Germany. Photo taken 4/24/45  (National Archives)
Senator Alben W. Barkley of Kentucky, a member of a congressional committee investigating Nazi atrocities, views the evidence at first hand at Buchenwald concentration camp. Weimar, Germany. Photo taken 4/24/45





These charred bodies were found by U.S. troops of the 80th Division in furnace of horror chamber at the Buchenwald concentration camp near Jena, Germany. 4/16/45. (National Archives)
These charred bodies were found by U.S. troops of the 80th Division in furnace of horror chamber at the Buchenwald concentration camp near Jena, Germany. 4/16/45.





A truck load of bodies of prisoners of the Nazis, in the Buchenwald concentration camp at Weimar, Germany. The bodies were about to be disposed of by burning when the camp was captured by troops of the 3rd U.S. Army. 04/14/1945.  (National Archives)
A truck load of bodies of prisoners of the Nazis, in the Buchenwald concentration camp at Weimar, Germany. The bodies were about to be disposed of by burning when the camp was captured by troops of the 3rd U.S. Army. Photo taken 04/14/1945.





These Russian, Polish, and Dutch slave laborers interned at the Buchenwald concentration camp averaged 160 pounds each prior to entering camp 11 months ago. Their average weight is now 70 pounds. 04/16/1945.  (National Archives)
These Russian, Polish, and Dutch slave laborers interned at the Buchenwald concentration camp averaged 160 pounds each prior to entering camp 11 months ago. Their average weight is now 70 pounds. 04/16/1945.





These are slave laborers in the Buchenwald concentration camp near Jena; many had died from malnutrition when U.S. troops of the 80th Division entered the camp. Photo taken 04/16/1945.  (National Archives)
These are slave laborers in the Buchenwald concentration camp near Jena; many had died from malnutrition when U.S. troops of the 80th Division entered the camp. Photo taken 04/16/1945.

Learn more at Court TV.

December 9, 1945



Video of Dr. Karl Brandt being sentenced to death at one of The Doctors Trials. Dr. Brandt was Hitler's Reich Commissioner for Health and Sanitation and his personal physician.

Nuremberg Trials - The Doctors Trial (Excerpts)

From the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum.



Click to great aviation art by Rich Thistle!
View and browse through some wonderful aviation art.



World War Two Timeline
|Pre-War |1938-39 |1940 |1941 |1942 |1943 |1944 |1945 |Aftermath |

 
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